Advertise your products Here Better Faster

Kanseri y’inkondo y’umura ikomeje guhangayikisha cyane ababyeyi

By Ndabateze Jean Bosco

Kanseri y’inkondo y’umura itangirira mu ngirabuzimafatizo zikurikira inkondo y’umura, igice cyo hepfo ya nyababyeyi (inda). Inkondo y’umura ihuza umubiri wa nyababyeyi (igice cyo hejuru).

Kanseri itangira iyo selile zo mu mubiri zitangiye gukura zidateganijwe. Kugira ngo umenye byinshi kubyerekeye kanseri itangira no gukwirakwira.

Inkondo y’umura ikozwe mu bice bibiri kandi itwikiriwe n’ubwoko bubiri bw’utugingo ngengabuzima.

Impinduka zidasanzwe muri selile yinkondo y’umura

Ingirabuzimafatizo zo muri zone zidahinduka ntabwo zihinduka muri kanseri. Ahubwo, selile zisanzwe z’inkondo y’umura zabanje gukura buhoro buhoro impinduka zidasanzwe zishobora guhinduka kanseri.

Abaganga bakoresha amagambo menshi kugirango basobanure izo mpinduka ziterwa na selile, harimo na neoplasia cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL), na dysplasia. Ushobora kumva izi mpinduka zidasanzwe zitwa pre-kanseri cyangwa impinduka mbere ya kanseri.

Imashini bifashisha batwika igice cyagaragaje ko gishobora kugira kanseri

Iyo izo mpinduka zidasanzwe muri nyababyeyi zibonetse, zipimwa ku gipimo cya 1 kugeza kuri 3 ukurikije uko inyama z’inkondo y’umura zisa n’izidasanzwe.Iyo umuntu afite ibimenyetso bibanziriza Kanseri munsi ya 75, bakoresha imashini ikahashiririza muri icyo gihe yavuwe yirinda kubonana n’umugabo nibura ukwezi

Muri CIN1 (nanone bita dysplasia yoroheje cyangwa SIL yo mu rwego rwo hasi), ntabwo inyama nyinshi zisa nk’ibidasanzwe. Kenshi na kenshi, utugingo ngengabuzima tuzahinduka dusubira mu ngirabuzimafatizo zisanzwe.

Muri CIN2 cyangwa CIN3 (nanone bita dysplasia iringaniye / ikabije cyangwa SIL yo mu rwego rwo hejuru) byinshi mubice bisa nk’ibidasanzwe. Hamwe niyi selile ihinduka, hari ikibazo kinini cyuko selile zishobora guhinduka kanseri kandi bizakenera gukurikiranirwa hafi cyangwa kuvurwa.

Nubwo kanseri y’inkondo y’umura itangirira mu ngirabuzimafatizo zifite impinduka zidasanzwe, gusa abagore bamwe bafite izo mpinduka z’inkondo y’umura bazarwara kanseri.

 Ku bagore benshi, utugingo ngengabuzima tudasanzwe tuzagenda nta muti. Ariko, mu bagore bamwe izo selile zidasanzwe zishobora guhinduka kanseri yukuri (invasive). Kuvura impinduka zidasanzwe muri selile yinkondo y’umura bishobora kwirinda kanseri yinkondo y’umura hafi.

Intego yo gusuzuma kanseri y’inkondo y’umura ni ugushaka ingirabuzimafatizo zidasanzwe muri kanseri y’inkondo y’umura cyangwa kanseri y’inkondo y’umura hakiri kare iyo ishobora kuvurwa kandi igakira.

Kwipimisha buri gihe birashobora kwirinda kanseri y’inkondo y’umura no kurokora ubuzima

Kwipimisha buri gihe birashobora kwirinda kanseri y’inkondo y’umura no kurokora ubuzima. Ibizamini byo gupima kanseri y’inkondo y’umura ni ikizamini cya HPV n’ikizamini cya Pap.

Impinduka zabanjirije kanseri zishobora gutahurwa na Pap hanyuma zikavurwa kugirango kanseri idatera. Ikizamini cya HPV gishakisha ubwandu bwubwoko bwinshi bwa HPV bushobora gutera kanseri mbere na kanseri yinkondo y’umura.

Indwara ya HPV nta muti ifite, ariko urukingo rushobora gufasha kuyirinda.

Ubwoko bwa kanseri y’inkondo y’umura

Kanseri y’inkondo y’umura mbere ishyirwa mu byiciro n’uburyo basa muri laboratoire hamwe na microscope. Ubwoko nyamukuru bwa kanseri y’inkondo y’umura ni kanseri y’udukoko twa kanseri na adenocarcinoma.

Byinshi bigera 9/10 bya kanseri y’inkondo y’umura ni kanseri y’udukoko. Iyi kanseri ikura kuva muri selile muri exocervix.

Indwara ya kanseri ya kanseri ikunze gutangirira muri zone ihinduka (aho exocervix ihurira na endocervix).

Ntibisanzwe, kanseri y’inkondo y’umura ifite ibiranga kanseri yo mu bwoko bwa kanseri na adenocarcinoma. Izi bita kanseri ya adenosquamous cyangwa kanseri ivanze.

Nubwo kanseri y’inkondo y’umura hafi ya yose ari kanseri ya selile cyangwa kanseri ya adenocarcinoma, ubundi bwoko bwa kanseri nabwo bushobora gukura muri nyababyeyi. Ubu bwoko butandukanye, nka melanoma, sarcoma, na lymphoma, bibaho cyane mu bindi bice by’umubiri.

Pressbox Author

Pressbox Author

Leave a Replay

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.